For the current mode of production, unskilled labor is the measure of value.   For the  next mode, in the city of Haelegen, skilled labor, rather than unskilled, will be the measure of value.   That will more or less be the only difference, but it will count for a lot, and it’s quite difficult to conceive of how it would be carried out so that the actual engine of production is refined in this way.     I think Andrew Yang’s proposal about changing the way GDP is calculated is a fairly reasonable stab at conceiving of how this would be concretely implemented.  It most certainly would require an extremely high level of automation, as well as metrics on many aspects of life.